Jamaat-e-Islami Hind, Karnataka, will be conducting its cadre meets here in Bangalore from Feb. 8 to 11. On the occasion, Mujahid Deputy, spoke to
Mr. Shabbir Ahmed Khan, a veteran Jamaat’s personality to know the journey of Jamaat-e-Islami in Karnataka since 1941, excerpts:
The history is testimony to the fact that everything that happened under the sun, may it be for the betterment of the society or the community; the world had witnessed myriad and restless souls sacrificed themselves to offer a better tomorrow for others. Two world wars were fought. At the end of each war, the Muslims were the losers though they had no role in the war. After the First World War, the Khilafat of Turkey was dismantled in 1923. After the Second World War, small Muslim states came into being (The more the oil reserves within, the smaller was the country) and each country was made to rule by the kings.
Before 20th Century and even in the 20th Century, there was a myth that Islam was propagated by the sword and the word Jihad was distorted and Muslims were restrained from acting in the right direction with right sprit for the right cause. The people were compelled to accept that the thinking process was meant either for belly needs or pocket requirements. The first one was called Communism and the second one was Capitalism.
It was the high time when the misunderstood faith was in need of divine interpretation. At this juncture, Moulana Moududi with several Muslim scholars stood up for the right cause; among whom Allama Iqbal was one. Moulana Moududi wrote a book called ‘Al-Jihad Fil Islam’- The Rightness of Jihad. The book played a prominent role in weeding out the misconceptions about the Jihad.
Meanwhile, to take up the Muslim issues, particularly after Nehru report and Allahabad riots in 1929, Muslim League came into being, to protect the interest of the Muslim community. Later, Moulana Moududi with the cooperation of 75 Ulama (Scholars) established the Jamaat-e-Islami in 1941. The objectives of Jamaat were to present the Islamic teachings in its fullest possible perspective.
In the subcontinent, there were efforts to get India free from the UK monarchy. The movement was at its high peak during 1940’s when India was declared an independent country in the year 1947 and simultaneously Pakistan came into existence.
Moulana Moududi, being the resident of Pathankot, the part that later went to Pakistan and India being an independent country, Jamaat looked forward to establish its entity. In 1948, Jamaat-e- Islami formed its chapter in India with Moulana Abulais Islahi Nadvi heading it. After Independence, the ‘Muslim identity’ was under crisis and communal riots particularly in north India were rampant. The Jamaat’s utmost task was to uphold ‘Muslim identity.’ Very urgent tasks were to bring peace and to provide relief to the riot victims. The historical decision of the Jamaat was to provide relief to all the victims irrespective of cast, creed and culture.
Simultaneously, the Jamaat in co-ordination with other groups including the fellow citizens constituted a body called ‘Majlise Mushavirat’ basically for relief and peace and the combined delegation undertook tours throughout the nation. This not only boosted people’s morale but also created communal amity.
For the first time in the history of India, the Jamaat, by an organized effort, brought out literature keeping in view the needs of several states. Quran, Seerah and literature on Islamic position was published in many Indian languages including Kannada language of Karnataka.
Such works in Karnataka were initiated right from 1943, by Ahmed Noori, who recently died in the year 2012. The work is continually in progress. The publishing wing, “Shanti Prakashana” working under umbrella organization Jamaat-e-Islami Hind, Karnataka has so far published 220 titles including Quran, Hadith, Seerah and literature on various aspects and subjects to protect the religious identity as assured in the constitution of India. It supported for the cause of establishing the “All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB).”
During the emergency period, there was a ban on the Jamaat. Its cadre was sent to jail for 21 months in Karnataka too, initially under Defense of India rule (DIR) and subsequently Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA). After the demolition of Babri Masjid, the government in power imposed a ban on Jamaat from December 1992 till December 1994. The unlawful ban was later challenged before the Supreme Court (SC) calling it as ‘unconstitutional’ and ‘illegal’. The SC Judgment went in favor of the Jamaat.
Apart from encouraging the community to have good education system along with moral education, the Jamaat also established several such educational institutions on its own and with the help of its associates.
When the then Karnataka Government accepted the recommendations of the “Gokak Commission Report,” the state was gripped by the communal riots. The Jamaat took out a peace caravan (Carvaan-e-Aman) particularly in the areas which were largely affected. Subsequently, an all party meeting was conveyed in Vidhan Soudha followed by a campaign throughout Karnataka.
The Jamaat also undertook detailed surveys during droughts and floods. And relief and rehabilitation work was also undertaken. At the time of natural disasters and calamities in different parts of the country, the Jamaat in Karnataka stood up for the cause.
Jamaat-e-Islami Hind, Karnataka is headed by Ameer-e-Halqa (state president) for whom there is an advisory council with 15 elected members and the state is divided into nine divisions namely: Gulbarga; Hubli; Shimoga; Raichur; Mangalore; Hasan; Mysore; Kolar and Bangalore. Bangalore is a metro division. There are 60 local Jamaats and about 90 ‘Halqe Karkunaan/ Muttafiqeen’ (divisions of workers and associates). Previously, the work in student community was done under the banner of ‘Halqe Talbaye Islami’, which was merged with Student Islamic Organisation (SIO) during 1983.
The work among the girls was earlier attached to the Jamaat from 1999. Later, the Girls Islamic Organisation (GIO) was constituted under Jamaat and now it’s functioning among girls. The Women’s wing functions directly under the Jamaat and its activities are carried out only among the women section.
The Jamaat has also established a public service department called “Showba-e-Khidmat-e-Khalq”. Apart from this; the ‘Humanitarian Relief Society’ was established with 400 volunteers in 2003. They are being trained technically to meet the needs of the exogenous.
The Jamaat felt the need for organized legal efforts to protect the rights of the powerless sections of people, particularly the civil rights, and established the APCR Karnataka Chapter in 2010. A grand convention of the Karnataka state cadre of the Jamaath is being organized on Feb. 8 and 9, 2013. On Feb. 10, there will be a public rally followed by public program under the theme: “Welfare of the Nation and the Community; under the guidance of Islam” (Mulk-o-Millath ki Khairkhwahi; Islam ki Rahnumayi). On Feb. 11, there will be a session for members of Jamaat. At present, there are 650 members, (Arkaan), 3500 workers, (Kaarkunaan) and a large number of associates. (Muttafiqeen).
Moulana Mohammed Sirajul Hasan was appointed JIH Karnataka and Goa’s first Ameer-e-Halqa (on re organization of States) in 1958 to 1984. He was appointed as All India secretary from 1984-1990 and then he was Elected Ameer-e-Jamaat (All India President) from 1990-2003. Simultaneously, he was vice president of AIMPLB.
Moulana Mahmood Khan was the second president of the Jamaat Halqa from 1984-1990. He was also the in charge for Relief work carried out in upper Asaam between 1983 and 1984.
Mohammed Iqbal Mulla was state president between 1990 and 2003. Later, he was appointed All India secretary. He was also the first SIO president of Karnataka and Goa from 1983-1985.
Ibrahim Sayeed was the president of Jamaat Halqa from 2003-07, a high stature literary figure who translated and wrote several books in Kannada language. He was the founder Editor of Sanmarga – Kannada weekly; founder of Shanti Prakashana – a Kannada publishing house; Annapoorna- Women monthly Magazine and ISMIKA- a Kannada postal library for Dawa work. He expired in July 2007.
Mohammed Abdullah Javid is the president of Karnataka Halqa of the Jamaat from 2007 to till date. He has done Msc in Nuclear physics.